Hillel and Shammai, a study in character. This lesson reviews some of the most famous moral lessons of the entire Talmud, the original Torah source of what is called 'the Golden Rule.” We discuss Hillel and Shammai, not only as individual human beings, but also as archetypes of personality and human behavior. We learn when the behaviors of each are right and appropriate. We discuss the man who tried to provoke Hillel to anger through aggravation, and a second episode when one man wanted to learn the entire Torah “in the time that he could balance on one foot.” Hillel's snappy answers serve us as a role-model how to best handle people who act like idiots. We discuss the historical relationship between Shammai and the Zealots and Hillel and the Essenes.