ARPTJM3 – The Ten Signs. This midrash introduces to us an important blend of concepts old and new. The Ten Signs is a polemic piece whose intent is clearly to frighten its readers with its vivid imagery of terrifying two-headed monsters, and other trials and travails that are to befall the world. What makes this specific midrash so important today is its longevity. It has appeared in numerous forms, and has been published numerous times. It is the foundation for many modern beliefs about the pre-messianic travails, the hevlei mashiah. The Ten Signs holds a place of lasting importance in Jewish eschatology, and it is reviewed here in full.